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xielijinfang for infectious gastroenteritis effectiveness

  • Protocol of the study: the effectiveness of pleuran in

    The effectiveness of pleuran (β-(1,3/1,6)-d-glucan) administration to treat acute infectious diarrhoea remains unknown. This study evaluates the efficacy of pleuran in reducing diarrhoea duration and the severity of acute gastroenteritis symptoms in children.

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  • Application of a cost-effectiveness analysis of

    We adapted an economic model developed by the United States Department of Defense (DoD) to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of vaccine acquisition strategies for Campylobacter-, ETEC-, Shigella-, and norovirus-associated gastroenteritis.

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  • A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis: The

    2021-7-5 · Results: Probiotics can improve symptoms of viral gastroenteritis, including the duration of diarrhea (mean difference 0.7 days, 95% CI 0.31 to 1.09 days, n = 740, ten trials) and duration of hospitalization (mean difference 0.76 days, 95% CI 0.61 to 0.92 days, n = 329, four trials).

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  • Genetic Susceptibility to Rotavirus Gastroenteritis and ...

    The secretor status and Lewis antigen and ABO types were determined by molecular methods. A total of 68 cases and 133 controls were included. Rotavirus immunization was recorded in 8 (12%) cases and 77 (58%) controls, indicating a vaccine effectiveness of 90.3% (95% confidence interval [CI], 78.1% - …

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  • Application of a cost-effectiveness analysis of

    2020-2-28 · Pathogen-specific vaccine implementation resulted in calculated cost-effectiveness ratio (CER) per duty day lost averted (CERDDL) of 13,741; 1,272; 301; and 803, and a CER per diarrhea day averted of 2,130; 215; 51; and 199 for Campylobacter, ETEC, Shigella, and norovirus, respectively. These estimates compare favorably to CERDDL estimates ...

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  • Effectiveness of Monovalent Rotavirus Vaccine Against ...

    Overall 2-dose effectiveness was 64% (95% confidence interval [CI], 35%-80%); effectiveness was 67% (95% CI, 30%-84%) for children aged <12 months and 72% (95% CI, 10%-91%) …

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  • CHAPTER 18: Food: Considerations for Hospital Infection ...

    2019-11-6 · gastroenteritis in both healthcare and non-healthcare settings. Nosocomial outbreaks caused by noroviruses are difficult to prevent and control due to11,12: • Low infectious dose (18-100 viral particles). • Short incubation period (12-48 h). • Resistance to inactivation by freezing, heating to 60 C (100.4 F), routine

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  • Multiplex Molecular Panels for Diagnosis of ...

    2015-7-1 · Infectious gastroenteritis refers to an inflammation of the stomach or intestine (especially the small intestine) that is due to an infectious organism. Although often causing sudden and sometimes violent upsets, the illness does not usually last longer than two or three days. Stomach flu, food poisoning, and traveler's diarrhea are names commonly given to infectious gastroenteritis.

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  • Managing Acute Gastroenteritis Among Children: Oral ...

    2018-2-7 · uniformity and effectiveness of response. ... In Ireland, systematic surveillance of outbreaks of gastroenteritis or infectious intestinal disease (IID) commenced in 1998. From 1998 to 2000, there were 100 IID outbreaks reported of which 61 were considered to be foodborne (61%). This trend changed in Ireland in 2001 when 33 of 56 reported outbreaks

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  • NATIONAL GUIDELINES ON THE MANAGEMENT OF

    2021-4-6 · Acute diarrhea is one of the most frequent causes of doctor visits and hospital admissions for children. Our objective was to evaluate the association between probiotics administration and reduction of acute infectious diarrhea duration in children dwelling in developed countries. Bibliographic databases, gray literature, and reference lists were searched up to September 29, 2019.

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  • Effectiveness of probiotics and synbiotics in reducing ...

    2021-7-2 · Français en page 180. Acute gastroenteritis is the most common cause of physician visits and hospitalizations in infants and young children. Each year in the United States, gastroenteritis accounts for approximately two to four million physician visits (1–3).The estimated incidence of acute gastroenteritis in children younger than five years of age is approximately one to two episodes ...

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  • Emergency department use of oral ondansetron for

    2019-7-20 · Between July 2014 and December 2017, we conducted surveillance for acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in 3 Kenyan hospitals. From children age-eligible for ≥1 RV1 dose, with stool tested for rotavirus and confirmed vaccination history we compared RV1 coverage among rotavirus positive (cases) vs rotavirus negative (controls) using multivariable logistic regression and calculated effectiveness based ...

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  • Effectiveness of Monovalent Rotavirus Vaccine Against ...

    2021-5-20 · The primary goal of hand hygiene is to reduce infectious disease rates. We examined if a nursing home’s participation in a hand hygiene intervention resulted in residents having fewer healthcare associated infections (HAIs) when compared to nursing homes without the hand hygiene intervention. This study is a part of a cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) in 33 nursing homes to improve ...

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  • The effect of a hand hygiene intervention on

    2017-8-28 · BMC Infectious Diseases Research article Open Access Cost-effectiveness of introducing a rotavirus vaccine in developing countries: The case of Mexico Atanacio Valencia-Mendoza*†1, Stefano M Bertozzi†2,3,4, Juan-Pablo Gutierrez†5 and Robbin Itzler†6

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  • BMC Infectious Diseases BioMed Central

    2011-10-20 · Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe gastroenteritis among young children in Spain and worldwide. We evaluated hospitalizations due to community and hospital-acquired rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) and estimated related costs in children under 5 years old in Catalonia, Spain. We analyzed hospital discharge data from the Catalan Health Services regarding hospital admissions …

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  • Hospitalizations due to rotavirus gastroenteritis in ...

    2014-11-1 · Effects of orally administered lactoferrin on common viral infections are summarized in Table 2.A questionnaire survey of adult women revealed that consumption of lactoferrin-containing tablets decreases the incidence of common cold-like symptoms and gastroenteritis symptoms .Another study reported that lactoferrin administration with milk immunoglobulin reduces the incidence of the common ...

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  • Lactoferrin for prevention of common viral infections ...

    2017-5-17 · Acute gastroenteritis precipitates post-infectious IBS in 10–30% of patients. In this Perspectives, Ghoshal and Gwee discuss evidence of overlap between post-infectious IBS…

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  • Clinical and cost effectiveness of multiplex polymerase ...

    Clinical and cost effectiveness of multiplex polymerase chain reaction gastrointestinal pathogen panels for people with suspected gastroenteritis. ... immunoassays, to determine whether infectious gastroenteritis is caused by bacterial, viral or parasitic pathogens. Current practice in the UK is determined by the Public Health England (PHE)

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  • Evaluation of Liquid- and Fog-Based Application of ...

    2020-12-17 · Noroviruses (NVs) are the most frequent cause of outbreaks of gastroenteritis in common settings, with surface-mediated transfer via contact with fecally contaminated surfaces implicated in exposure. NVs are environmentally stable and persistent and have a low infectious dose. Several disinfectants have been evaluated for efficacy to control viruses on surfaces, but the toxicity and …

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  • Lactoferrin for prevention of common viral infections ...

    2014-11-1 · Effects of orally administered lactoferrin on common viral infections are summarized in Table 2.A questionnaire survey of adult women revealed that consumption of lactoferrin-containing tablets decreases the incidence of common cold-like symptoms and gastroenteritis symptoms .Another study reported that lactoferrin administration with milk immunoglobulin reduces the incidence of the common ...

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  • Use of Antiemetic Agents in Acute Gastroenteritis: A ...

    2014-1-14 · INTRODUCTION. Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) has been defined by the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) as a decrease in the consistency of stools (loose or liquid) and/or an increase in the frequency of evacuations (typically ≥3 in 24 hours), with or without fever or vomiting .Diarrhea typically lasts <7 days and not longer than 14 days.

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  • Use of Probiotics for Management of Acute

    2017-5-17 · Acute gastroenteritis precipitates post-infectious IBS in 10–30% of patients. In this Perspectives, Ghoshal and Gwee discuss evidence of overlap between post-infectious IBS…

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  • Post-infectious IBS, tropical sprue and small intestinal ...

    2020-12-23 · In Australia, prior to the introduction of vaccines, rotavirus-associated gastroenteritis was responsible for an estimated 10,000 hospital admissions annually, representing 50% of all gastroenteritis admissions. 1–3 Rotaviral disease has been estimated to cause 22,000 emergency department (ED) presentations and 115,000 primary care consultations each year. 2,3 Nosocomial acquisition was also ...

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  • Reduction in Rotavirus-associated Acute

    2019-1-23 · post-infectious cough. - May improve daytime & nighttime cough, & dyspnea associated with coughing. Encourage prevention e.g. smoking cessation, exposure to second-hand smoke. Not routinely recommended for symptom management: Oral or inhaled corticosteroids are not recommended in patients with acute bronchitis without asthma.

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  • Antibiotics & Common Infections

    2019-1-1 · During 15 consecutive seasons 9557 stool samples of hospitalized children of 5 years and younger with acute gastroenteritis were screened for rotavirus A. Rotavirus G and P genotypes were assessed after vaccine introduction. Vaccine effectiveness was determined by comparison of rotavirus incidence in pre-vaccine and post-vaccine cohorts.

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  • Rotavirus vaccine effectiveness in preventing ...

    2019-2-1 · Acute gastroenteritis is defined as a diarrheal disease of rapid onset, with or without nausea, vomiting, fever, or abdominal pain. In the United States, acute gastroenteritis accounts for 1.5 ...

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  • Comparison of 2 Assays for Diagnosing Rotavirus and ...

    acute gastroenteritis (AGE) and in healthy controls using enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) and semiquantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). We calculated rotavirus vaccine effectiveness using different laboratory-based case definitionsto determine which best identified the proportion of disease that was vaccine preventable.

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  • The Effectiveness of Pleuran in Treatment of Acute ...

    2019-6-17 · The Effectiveness of Pleuran in Treatment of Acute Gastroenteritis in Children (EPTAGE) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government.

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  • Use of Probiotics for Management of Acute

    2014-1-14 · INTRODUCTION. Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) has been defined by the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) as a decrease in the consistency of stools (loose or liquid) and/or an increase in the frequency of evacuations (typically ≥3 in 24 hours), with or without fever or vomiting .Diarrhea typically lasts <7 days and not longer than 14 days.

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  • Stool cultures show a lack of impact in the

    2020-6-22 · Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is diagnosed with a presentation of > 1 episode of vomiting and > 3 episodes of diarrhea in a 24-h period. Treatment is supportive, however, in severe cases antibacterial treatment may be indicated. Stool cultures can detect the responsible pathogenic bacteria and can guide antibiotic treatment, however, the indication for and efficacy of stool cultures is debatable.

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  • The Effectiveness of Synbiotics in Preventing

    2019-10-7 · Antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) is of great concern in children due to the wide range of antibiotic administration among this population. Studies considering the use of synbiotics for prevention or treatment of AAD are limited. In the current study, the effectiveness of synbiotics in preventing AAD was investigated.This randomized, double-blinded clinical trial was conducted on 100 ...

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  • A randomized trial evaluating virus-specific effects of

    2020-5-21 · Gastroenteritis accounts for nearly 500,000 deaths in children younger than 5 years annually. Although probiotics have been touted as having the potential to expedite diarrhea resolution, recent ...

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  • Association of Rotavirus Vaccines With Reduction in ...

    2021-5-10 · Importance Rotavirus vaccines have been introduced worldwide, and the clinical association of different rotavirus vaccines with reduction in rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) after introduction are noteworthy.. Objective To evaluate the comparative benefit, risk, and immunogenicity of different rotavirus vaccines by synthesizing randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and observational studies.

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  • Probiotics No Better Than Placebo for Gastroenteritis

    2018-11-21 · In the study by Schnadower and colleagues, the gastroenteritis clinical severity score was 9 or greater in 55 of 468 children (11.8%) receiving probiotics and in 60 of 475 (12.6%) receiving placebo.

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  • Rotavirus | CIDRAP

    2020-4-30 · Gower CM, Stowe J, Andrews NJ, et al. Sustained declines in age group-specific rotavirus infection and acute gastroenteritis in vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals during the five years since rotavirus vaccine introduction in England. Clin Infect Dis 2021 (published online May 27) …

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  • Rotavirus Literature | CIDRAP

    Rotavirus Literature. Abu-Elyazeed R, Klein NP, Moerman L, et al. Concomitant administration of a liquid formulation of human rotavirus vaccine (porcine circovirus-free) with routine childhood vaccines in infants in the United States: Results from a phase 3, randomized trial. Vaccine 2020 (published online Oct 17) View at Vaccine.

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  • Comparative effectiveness and safety of interventions

    2018-12-5 · Background Many interventions have shown effectiveness in reducing the duration of acute diarrhea and gastroenteritis (ADG) in children. Yet, there is lack of comparative efficacy of interventions that seem to be better than placebo among which, the clinicians must choose. Our aim was to determine the comparative effectiveness and safety of the pharmacological and nutritional interventions for ...

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  • Stool Testing With Molecular Assay to Minimize

    2019-12-6 · Acute infectious gastroenteritis can be caused by viruses, bacteria or parasites, resulting in a diarrheal illness that may be accompanied by fever, abdominal pain and/or cramping, hematochezia, nausea, and vomiting. ... To date, the available evidence on the cost-effectiveness of the FGP assay has been based largely on observational studies ...

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  • Prevention and control measures for rotavirus

    The NNIS (National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance) in the USA reported a nosocomial gastroenteritis infection rate of 2.27 per 1000 discharges, for the period of January 1990 through December 1994. difficile is the most commonly identified cause of nosocomial diarrhea. Since 1996, rates of C. difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD) have tripled.

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  • Diarrhea - The International Society for Infectious ...

    There is considerable uncertainty about the cost-effectiveness of GPP panels used to test for suspected infectious gastroenteritis in hospital and community settings. Uncertainties in the model include length of stay, assumptions about false-positive findings and the costs of tests.

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  • Multiplex tests to identify gastrointestinal bacteria ...

    2020-5-21 · Gastroenteritis accounts for nearly 500,000 deaths in children younger than 5 years annually. Although probiotics have been touted as having the potential to expedite diarrhea resolution, recent ...

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  • A randomized trial evaluating virus-specific effects of

    BMC Infectious Diseases (2017-08-01) . Population effectiveness of the pentavalent and monovalent rotavirus vaccines: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

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  • Population effectiveness of the pentavalent and

    2011-7-8 · This study aims to critically review available cost-effectiveness models for rotavirus vaccination, compare their designs using a standardized approach and compare similarities and differences in cost-effectiveness outcomes using a uniform set of input parameters. We identified various models used to estimate the cost-effectiveness of rotavirus vaccination.

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  • Comparative review of three cost-effectiveness

    Objectives The primary aim is to provide a summary of evidence for the diagnostic accuracies of multiplex PCR gastrointestinal (GI) panels—BioFire FilmArray and Luminex xTAG on the detection of gastroenteritis pathogens. The secondary aim is to compare the performance of these GI panels head to head. Methods A comprehensive search up to 1 December 2019 was conducted on PubMed, …

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  • Accuracy and comparison of two rapid multiplex PCR

    Introduction. Germany is a federal republic consisting of 16 federal states and 401 districts [].In the area of infectious disease (ID) surveillance, public health authorities (PHAs) at three administrative levels (national, state and local) carry out tasks on the legal basis of the German Infection Protection Act (‘Infektionsschutzgesetz’; IfSG), the Decision No. 1082/2013/EU and the ...

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  • Literature Rotavirus vaccines - WHO

    were included in the per-protocol analysis. 79 cases of severe rotavirus gastroenteritis were reported in 2610.6 person-years in the vaccine group, compared with 129 cases in 2585.9 person-years in the placebo group, resulting in a vaccine efficacy against severe rotavirus gastroenteritis of 39.3% (95% CI 19.1-54.7, p=0.0003 for efficacy >0%).

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  • Diarrhea - The International Society for Infectious ...

    The NNIS (National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance) in the USA reported a nosocomial gastroenteritis infection rate of 2.27 per 1000 discharges, for the period of January 1990 through December 1994. difficile is the most commonly identified cause of nosocomial diarrhea. Since 1996, rates of C. difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD) have tripled.

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  • Success of rotavirus vaccination in Africa: good news

    2016-2-1 · The real-life effectiveness of RotaTeq in Rwanda was recorded in several ways and is convincing. After the introduction of rotavirus vaccination in 2012, admittance to hospital for gastroenteritis decreased by 49% in 2013, and 48% in 2014, and admittance to hospital for rotavirus in the hospitals doing specific rotavirus diagnosis decreased by 61% and 70% in the same period.

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  • Gastroenteritis in Children: Part I. Diagnosis -

    2012-6-1 · Acute gastroenteritis in children is a major cause of morbidity in the United States. Viral infections, primarily from rotavirus, cause 75 to 90 percent of cases. The remaining infections are ...

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  • Samantha Hunter Johnston's Profile | Stanford Profiles

    Clinical Pediatric Infectious Disease 300 Pasteur Dr MC 5208 Palo Alto, CA 94304. (650) 723-5682 (office) (650) 725-8040 (fax) All Publications. Infectious Causes of Acute Gastroenteritis in US Children Undergoing Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplant: A Longitudinal, Multicenter Study.

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  • Multisite Evaluation of the BD Max Extended Enteric ...

    2017-10-24 · The purpose of this study was to perform a multisite evaluation to establish the performance characteristics of the BD Max extended enteric bacterial panel (xEBP) assay directly from unpreserved or Cary-Blair-preserved stool specimens for the detection of Yersinia enterocolitica, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), Vibrio, and Plesiomonas shigelloides. The study included prospective ...

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  • Funding of drugs: do vaccines warrant a different

    Vaccines have features that require special consideration when assessing their cost-effectiveness. These features are related to herd immunity, quality-of-life losses in young children, parental care and work loss, time preference, uncertainty, eradication, macroeconomics, and tiered pricing. Advisory committees on public funding for vaccines, or for pharmaceuticals in general, should be ...

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  • Infection and Inflammation: Group Beta

    Start studying Infection and Inflammation: Group Beta Streptococcus(GBS), Otitis Media, Conjunctivitis, Gastroenteritis, Rotavirus, Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI's) (2 hours, 8 questions). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

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  • Nurses Medical Education Content - Index

    2021-7-8 · Prevention and Control of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis in Infants and Children: Clinical Implications of Rotavirus Vaccination Medscape Education Infectious Diseases August 28, 2009 Two rotavirus vaccines are licensed for use in the US: the pentavalent bovine-human reassortant vaccine, RV5 (RotaTeq) in 2006, and the attenuated human rotavirus ...

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  • Download Rotavirus Global Status | [PDF] Female

    Rotavirus: Global Status is one in a series of GIDEON ebooks which explore all individual infectious diseases, drugs, vaccines, outbreaks, surveys and pathogens in every country of the world. Data are based on the GIDEON web application (www.gideononline.com) which relies on standard text books, peer-review journals, Health Ministry reports and ...

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  • COVID-19 | Quantitative assessment of the

    In December 2019, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak occurred in Wuhan, China. Subsequently, it occurred in many countries around the world, after which WHO announced COVID-19 as a global pandemic on 11 March, 2020 [ 1 ]. In the early …

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  • HERDIN Plus

    21 小时前 · Health Research and Development Information Network (HERDIN) is an online portal that provides easy management and access to health research and related information

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  • Gastroenteritis - Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia,

    2021-7-8 · Prevention and Control of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis in Infants and Children: Clinical Implications of Rotavirus Vaccination Medscape Education Infectious Diseases August 28, 2009 Two rotavirus vaccines are licensed for use in the US: the pentavalent bovine-human reassortant vaccine, RV5 (RotaTeq) in 2006, and the attenuated human rotavirus ...

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  • Nurses Medical Education Content - Index

    Over the past 25 years, Eurosurveillance has served the public health and communicable disease communities in Europe and beyond by publishing authoritative, sound evidence for immediate and long-term public health action. To mark the occasion, we have compiled this collection of 25 articles published since the journal’s inception in celebration of ‘25 years of public health impact’.

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  • Eurosurveillance | Eurosurveillance, 1996 to 2021: 25 ...

    Start studying Med-Surg Test #2 (Ch 27, 29-31, 52, 54-57). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

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  • Med-Surg Test #2 (Ch 27, 29-31, 52, 54-57) Flashcards ...

    Rotavirus: Global Status is one in a series of GIDEON ebooks which explore all individual infectious diseases, drugs, vaccines, outbreaks, surveys and pathogens in every country of the world. Data are based on the GIDEON web application (www.gideononline.com) which relies on standard text books, peer-review journals, Health Ministry reports and ...

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  • Download Rotavirus Global Status | [PDF] Female

    Search Results: best rotavirus Publications. Clin Exp Vaccine Res 2021 May 31;10(2):148-150. Epub 2021 May 31. Department of Nutrition and Integrative Physiology, University of …

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  • The effectiveness and safety of treatments used for

    2016-1-20 · Acute diarrhea and acute gastroenteritis (AD/AGE) are common among children in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) and high-income countries (HIC). Supportive therapy including maintaining feeding, prevention of dehydration, and use of oral rehydration solution (ORS), is the mainstay of treatment in all children. Several additional treatments aiming to reduce the episode …

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  • QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE for INFECTIOUS

    2017-4-26 · The following table lists selected infectious diseases/conditions and delineates the room placement, specific precautions and pertinent instructions. It provides a reference for nurses/healthcare workers (HCWs) and physicians responsible for the appropriate placement and management of patients with infectious diseases and conditions.

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  • The Comparition of the Efficacy of Two Different ...

    Objectives . The aim of the study is to compare the clinical effectiveness of the probiotics— Saccharomyces boulardii and Bifidobacterium lactis —in children who had been diagnosed with rotavirus gastroenteritis. Materials and methods . Seventy five patients aged between 5 months–5 years diagnosed as rotavirus gastroenteritis were included in the study.

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  • L. rhamnosus in Diarrhea

    2021-6-1 · European Society for Pediatric Infectious Diseases evidence-based guidelines for the management of acute gastroenteritis in children in Europe: update 2014. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014; 59(1): 132-152. 8. Szajewska H et al. on Behalf of the ESPGHAN Working Group for Probiotics/Prebiotics. Probiotics for the Prevention of Antibiotic-

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  • Foods | Free Full-Text | Effectiveness of Consumers ...

    Human norovirus (HuNoV) is a foremost cause of domestically acquired foodborne acute gastroenteritis and outbreaks. Despite industrial efforts to control HuNoV contamination of foods, its prevalence in foodstuffs at retail is significant. HuNoV infections are often associated with the consumption of contaminated produce, including ready-to-eat (RTE) salads.

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  • Effectiveness of a Hand Hygiene Program at Child

    2018-11-1 · OBJECTIVES: Respiratory infections (RIs) are an important cause of morbidity and excessive antibiotic prescriptions in children attending day care centers (DCCs). We aimed to assess the effectiveness of an educational and hand hygiene program in DCCs and homes in reducing RI incidence and antibiotic prescriptions in children. METHODS: A cluster, randomized, controlled, and open study …

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  • Integrated Cell Culture-Mass Spectrometry Method

    2019-5-6 · Tools for detecting infectious human viruses in environmental samples are essential for protecting human health. Here, we developed an Integrated Cell Culture-Mass Spectrometry (ICC-MS) method that detects infectious viruses by identifying viral proteins that replicate in cell cultures. The ICC-MS method was first validated and optimized with murine hepatitis viruses (MHV) spiked in culture ...

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  • Rotavirus gastroenteritis in children hospitalized in ...

    2021-6-2 · A review of patients with gastroenteritis hospitalized between 2006 and 2020 in northeastern Poland, with regards to the coverage with the rotavirus vaccine in the region. Results Rotavirus was the most common agent of gastroenteritis. The seasonality of rotavirus gastroenteritis peaked between February and May, except in 2020.

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  • Child Gastroenteritis | Treatment and Causes | Patient

    2018-2-16 · Gastroenteritis is an infection of the gut (intestines). It causes diarrhoea and may also cause symptoms such as being sick (vomiting) and tummy (abdominal) pain. In most cases the infection clears within a few days, but sometimes it takes longer. The main risk is lack of fluid in the body (dehydration). The main treatment is to give your child ...

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  • Gastroenteritis | Encyclopedia.com

    2018-5-8 · Gastroenteritis is a general term for inflammation* of the gastrointestinal (gas-tro-in-TES-ti-nal) tract, the part of the digestive system consisting of the stomach, small intestine, and large intestine. Loss of appetite, vomiting, cramps, nausea*, and diarrhea* are the most common symptoms of gastroenteritis.

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  • Viral Gastroenteritis (Stomach Flu) Clinical Trials -

    Some people develop chronic abdominal pain with diarrhea or constipation after an episode of acute bacterial gastroenteritis. These symptoms can be consistent with post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and can last long after the acute infection is over. The exact reason why certain individuals develop these symptoms whereas others don ...

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  • Efficacy, safety and effectiveness of licensed rotavirus ...

    2017-8-25 · For RV1, effectiveness against hospitalization was highest (around 80–96%) for children vaccinated before 12 months of age, compared with 5–60% effectiveness in older children. Both vaccines were most effective in preventing more severe gastroenteritis (70% for RV5 and 80–90% for RV1) and severe gastroenteritis (50% for RV5 and 70–80% ...

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  • Gastroenteritis in children under 5 years of age in ...

    1997-5-1 · Reports were commonest in children under 1 year of age during the winter months. Salmonellas and campylobacters were isolated from 16% and 15% of the specimens reported respectively. During the study period salmonella reporting rates rose by 48% in this age group. Improving the microbiological quality of food and raising standards of food ...

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  • Norovirus outbreaks in nursing homes: the evaluation

    2009-5-11 · According to the Dutch Infectious Disease Act (1999), institutions have to report outbreaks of gastroenteritis to the relevant municipal public health service. This reporting system was used as foundation when setting up a collaboration between the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) and five municipal public health ...

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  • Gastroenteritis | Stomach (Gut) Infection | Symptoms ...

    2017-9-20 · Gastroenteritis is an infection of the gut (intestines). The severity can range from a mild tummy (abdominal) upset for a day or two with mild diarrhoea, to severe diarrhoea and being sick (vomiting) for several days or longer. Many germs (viruses, bacteria and other microbes) can cause gastroenteritis.

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  • The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious ...

    Effectiveness of Newly Applied Infection Control Policies to Suppress the Number of Cases with Hospital-acquired Influenza Infection at Iwate Medical University Hospital -Comparison of the 2004/5 and 2005/6 Seasons- ... ELISA Kit in Outbreaks of Infectious Gastroenteritis among Elderly Nursing Home. Susumu SHIMIZU, Koichi IWATA, Chiemi ...

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  • Emerging, evolving, and established infectious

    2014-9-12 · Emerging, evolving, and established infectious diseases and interventions. 1 Center for Statistics and Quantitative Infectious Diseases, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Avenue North, Seattle, WA 98109, USA. 2 Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105, USA.

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  • Norovirus Genotypes in Children With Acute

    2021-7-4 · During 2016–2020, NoroSurv documented 22 genotypes of norovirus causing illness in young children. GII.4 Sydney viruses, which globally are the most common among all age groups, [ 13, 26 ...

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  • Gastroenteritis | Encyclopedia.com

    2018-5-8 · Gastroenteritis is a general term for inflammation* of the gastrointestinal (gas-tro-in-TES-ti-nal) tract, the part of the digestive system consisting of the stomach, small intestine, and large intestine. Loss of appetite, vomiting, cramps, nausea*, and diarrhea* are the most common symptoms of gastroenteritis.

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  • Study suggests it is safe to ease neutropenic

    2016-9-6 · Data regarding infectious complications were abstracted from the charts at the treating hospitals. To provide information regarding restrictive directives given to patients, a survey was sent to the treating hospitals in Germany asking about the policy concerning patient restrictions with regard to food, social interactions, and pets.

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  • Infectious Waterborne Diseases - USGS

    2012-4-17 · 8. Infectious route of Echinococcus spp. -----13 TABLES Page TABLE 1. Composite list of waterborne diseases and their infectious agents-----D2 2. Infectious agents of waterborne diseases -----3 v Page D8 8 9 11 13 13 14 14

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  • The effect of antiemetics in childhood gastroenteritis ...

    2013-9-17 · Diarrheal diseases are the second leading cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries and an important cause of malnutrition. An estimated 0.75 million children below 5 years of age die from diarrhea. Vomiting associated with acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a distressing symptom and limits the success of oral rehydration in AGE leading to an increased use of intravenous ...

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  • The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious ...

    Effectiveness of Newly Applied Infection Control Policies to Suppress the Number of Cases with Hospital-acquired Influenza Infection at Iwate Medical University Hospital -Comparison of the 2004/5 and 2005/6 Seasons- ... ELISA Kit in Outbreaks of Infectious Gastroenteritis among Elderly Nursing Home. Susumu SHIMIZU, Koichi IWATA, Chiemi ...

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  • The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious ...

    The Effectiveness of COVID-19 Infection Control Measures Evaluated by SARS-CoV-2 Antibody Screening of Staff Members at a Hospital Designated as a Treatment Center for Infectious Diseases―Efforts to Eliminate Nosocomial Infections and Verification of Their Effectiveness―. Naoki TANI, Junya MINAMI, Kei GONDO, Noriko MIYAKE, Takeru INOUE ...

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  • Effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines against rotavirus ...

    2016-8-12 · Rotavirus was the leading cause of childhood diarrhoea-related hospitalisations and death before the introduction of rotavirus vaccines. We describe the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines to prevent rotavirus infections and hospitalizations and the main rotavirus strains circulating before and after vaccine introduction through a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies published ...

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  • The Principles of Antibody Therapy for Infectious

    2021-3-2 · Antibody therapies such as convalescent plasma and monoclonal antibodies have emerged as major potential therapeutics for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Immunoglobulins differ from conventional antimicrobial agents in that they mediate direct and indirect antimicrobial effects that work in concert with other components of the immune system. The field of infectious diseases pioneered ...

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  • Gastroenteritis

    Gastroenteritis; Synonyms: gastro, stomach bug, stomach virus, stomach flu, gastric flu: Gastroenteritis viruses: A = rotavirus, B = adenovirus, C = norovirus and D = astrovirus. The virus particles are shown at the same magnification to allow size comparison. Classification and external resources; Specialty: Infectious disease: ICD-10

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  • Norovirus Genotypes in Children With Acute

    2021-7-4 · During 2016–2020, NoroSurv documented 22 genotypes of norovirus causing illness in young children. GII.4 Sydney viruses, which globally are the most common among all age groups, [ 13, 26 ...

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  • gastroenteritis - zxc.wiki

    Other gastroenteritis and colitis of infectious and unspecified origin ICD-10 online (WHO version 2019) As gastroenteritis , literally gastrointestinal inflammation - commonly gastrointestinal flu , diarrhea and vomiting or stomach flu - is an inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract called.

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  • infectious gastroenteritis - French translation – Linguee

    Many translated example sentences containing 'infectious gastroenteritis' – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations.

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