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qizhenzengmiankeli for swine circovirus infection cost

  • Porcine circovirus type 2 and porcine circovirus ...

    In the United States, the disease has cost producers an average of 3-4 dollars per pig with peak losses ranging up to 20 dollars per pig. The importance of this disease has stimulated investigations aimed at identifying risk factors associated with infection and minimizing these risks through modified management practices and development of vaccination strategies.

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  • Rapid detection of Porcine circovirus 2 by

    Porcine circovirus-associated disease, caused primarily by Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV-2), has become endemic in many pig-producing countries and has resulted in significant economic losses to the swine industry worldwide. Tests for PCV-2 infection include PCR, nested PCR, competitive PCR, and …

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  • Development of cost-effective quantitative PCR

    Post-weaning multi-systemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) has emerged as a major disease that poses a significant threat to the economics of global swine industry. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the causal agent of PMWS in pigs. Currently, the prevention of PCV2 infection based on vaccines is limited …

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  • Enhanced replication of porcine circovirus type 2

    Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the essential component of porcine circovirus disease (PCVD) as the disease syndrome is referred to in Europe and porcine circovirus associated disease (PCVAD) as it is referred to in North America. Singular PCV2 infection rarely results in clinical disease; however, PCVAD is often accelerated in onset, enhanced ...

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  • Porcine Circovirus Diseases - Generalized Conditions ...

    2019-10-8 · Vaccination against porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) infection has been utilized for disease control and effectively reduces clinical signs of PCVADs. To evaluate the efficacy of the PCV2 vaccine in field farms, we conducted a trial using conventional pigs immunized with the subunit PCV2 vaccine followed by PCV2 challenge.

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  • Concurrent infections are important for expression of ...

    2012-3-1 · Interestingly, TTSuV1 was shown to promote PCV2 infection and disease in gnotobiotic pigs; however, it was found that the sequence of infection was important as clinical disease was only observed when TTSuV1 infection preceded PCV2 challenge by seven days (Ellis et al., 2008). The relevance of this finding is unknown as both PCV2 and TTSuV are widely distributed in swine populations.

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  • The impact of porcine circovirus associated diseases

    2004-7-14 · In the study reported here, we developed and subsequently identify various combinations of four common DNA viruses of swine, namely pseudorabies virus (PRV), porcine circovirus type I (PCV1), porcine circovirus type II (PCV2), and porcine parvovirus …

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  • Concurrent infections are important for expression of ...

    Singular PCV2 infection rarely results in clinical disease; however, PCVAD is often accelerated in onset, enhanced in severity and prolonged in duration by concurrent viral or bacterial infections. Due to its effect on the immune system, PCV2 has also been shown to …

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  • Cost of post-weaning multi-systemic wasting

    Cost of post-weaning multi-systemic wasting syndrome and porcine circovirus type-2 subclinical infection in England - an economic disease model Prev Vet Med . 2013 Jun 1;110(2):88-102. doi: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2013.02.010.

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  • Porcine Circovirus Diseases - Generalized Conditions ...

    2019-10-15 · Alarcon, P., Rushton, J. & Wieland, B. Cost of post-weaning multi-systemic wasting syndrome and porcine circovirus type-2 subclinical infection in England - …

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  • Environmental distribution of Porcine Circovirus Type

    PORCINE CIRCOVIRUS 3 . SUMMARY . Etiology • Porcine circovirus (PCV) is a non-enveloped DNA virus with a single-stranded circular genome. It belongs to the genus Circovirus in the family Circoviridae. • Two species, PCV1 and PCV2, are currently recognized.

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  • PORCINE CIRCOVIRUS 3 - Iowa State University

    2019-10-8 · 1. Introduction. Concurrent infection with porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and other infectious viruses and/or pathogenic bacteria that induce porcine circovirus associated diseases (PCVADs), is one of the most complicated and fastidious disease patterns affecting pigs of all ages .Depending on the clinical symptoms they induce, PCVADs can be further classified as PCV2 …

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  • The impact of porcine circovirus associated diseases

    2009-6-18 · PCV2 infection is present in every major swine-producing countryin the world, and the number of identified cases of PCVAD is rapidly increasing. In the United States, the disease has cost producers an average of 3–4 dollars ... porcine circovirus-associated disease; PDNS, porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome.

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  • REVIEW - Wiley

    2021-2-1 · The widespread popularity of porcine circovirus type 2(PCV2) has seriously affected the healthy development of the pig industry and caused huge economic losses worldwide. A rapid and reliable method is required for epidemiological investigation and evaluating the effect of immunization. However, the current methods for PCV2 antibody detection are time-consuming or very expensive …

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  • A nanobody‐horseradish peroxidase fusion

    current porcine circovirus-associated disease and clinical M. hyopneumoniae infection between 70 and 105 days of age. Each farm vaccinated pigs with a single dose of a bivalent vaccine at 10 days of age while unvaccinated pigs were administered a single dose of phosphate buffered-saline at the same age.

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  • Field evaluation of a sing‐dose bivalent vaccine of ...

    2007-1-1 · Activation of latent herpesvirus infection during periods of intensified immune reactivity to grafts is an important problem for human allotransplantation (Fishman and Rubin, 1998). PCV is a member of the genus Circovirus in the family Circoviridae.

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  • Multiplex PCR for the simultaneous detection of ...

    2018-4-19 · In many cases, PCV2 evokes a subclinical infection, without any obvious symptoms, in pigs. 73 PCVD/PCVAD and PCV2 infection are often accelerated by concurrent viral or bacterial infections. 72 However, the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. Therefore, mouse models for coinfections of PCV2 with other swine pathogens still need more ...

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  • Efficient production of porcine circovirus virus-like ...

    2018-11-13 · Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is a ubiquitous virus with high pathogenicity closely associated with the postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) and porcine circovirus diseases (PCVDs), which caused significant economic losses in the swine industry worldwide every year. The PCV2 virus-like particles (VLPs) are a powerful subunit vaccine that can elicit high immune …

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  • Microbiome associations in pigs with the best and

    2016-3-10 · @article{osti_1258531, title = {Microbiome associations in pigs with the best and worst clinical outcomes following co-infection with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) and porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2)}, author = {Niederwerder, Megan C. and Jaing, Crystal J. and Thissen, James B. and Cino-Ozuna, Ada Giselle and McLoughlin, Kevin S. and Rowland, Raymond R. R ...

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  • Ellegaard B, Korsgarrd J, Nielsen GB. Comparison of ...

    2019-12-2 · Ellegaard B, Korsgarrd J, Nielsen GB. Comparison of intradermal and intramuscular porcine circovirus type 2 vaccination methods concerning labor, production parameters, and antimicrobial treatments: A randomized field study in a Danish finishing herd. J Swine Health Prod. 2021;29(3):129-132.

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  • A nanobody‐horseradish peroxidase fusion

    2021-2-1 · The widespread popularity of porcine circovirus type 2(PCV2) has seriously affected the healthy development of the pig industry and caused huge economic losses worldwide. A rapid and reliable method is required for epidemiological investigation and evaluating the effect of immunization. However, the current methods for PCV2 antibody detection are time-consuming or very expensive …

    Get Price
  • Mouse models of porcine circovirus 2 infection -

    2018-4-19 · 1 INTRODUCTION. Porcine circovirus (PCV) belongs to the genus Circovirus of the family Circoviridae and contains a single‐stranded 1.7‐kb circular DNA. 1-4 There are two types of PCV: porcine circovirus type 1 (PCV1) and porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2). PCV1 is nonpathogenic, whereas PCV2 is considered the main pathogen of porcine circovirus diseases and porcine circovirus‐associated ...

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  • Efficient application of a baculovirus-silkworm larvae ...

    2020-8-5 · Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is a major pathogen associated with swine diseases. It is the smallest single-stranded DNA virus, and its genome contains four major open reading frames (ORFs). ORF2 encodes the major structural protein Cap, which can self-assemble into virus-like particles (VLPs) in vitro and contains the primary antigenic determinants.

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  • Microbiome modulation: The benefits for swine - All

    2018-12-13 · Since PRRSV was introduced nearly 3 decades ago, it has cost an estimated 14 billion in losses to swine production. The most recent analysis of the cost of PRRS to the US industry alone is 664 million per year. Economic losses are due to a decrease in production combined with increased costs of treatment and vaccination.

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  • Field evaluation of a sing‐dose bivalent vaccine of ...

    2021-1-2 · Background. The field efficacy of a bivalent vaccine containing porcine circovirus type 2b (PCV2b) and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae was evaluated on three pig farms.. Methods. Three pig farms were used, two of which had a history of subclinical PCV2 and clinical M. hyopneumoniae infections between 84 and 126 days of age while concurrent porcine circovirus-associated disease and clinical M ...

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  • Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV-2) genetic variability under ...

    2018-10-19 · Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV-2) is a non-enveloped single-stranded DNA virus with a small circular genome of 1766–1768 bp 1.The PCV-2 genome consists in …

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  • Review of methods for the detection of Lawsonia ...

    2021-6-23 · 622 Campillo et al. are appreciable. 107 The mortality rate for acute PE is 12–50% and is more typical in replacement breeder animals.31,55,74,106 The chronic form of PE causes non-hemorrhagic diarrhea (i.e., gray-green, semi-solid to liquid feces), weight loss, or reduced rates of weight gain in younger pigs, but clinical

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  • Infectious disease test kit - EB4417PO - Bionote - for ...

    Find out all of the information about the Bionote product: infectious disease test kit EB4417PO. Contact a supplier or the parent company directly to get a quote or to find out a price or your closest point of sale.

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  • PCVAD - Focus on Porcine circovirus associated

    2020-4-3 · PCV2 viraemia, a load-dependent effect on average daily weight gain during the postweaning period. The loss associated with decreased ADWG was of 13.1 € and 7.5 €/pig at 21 weeks of age for pigs with high and medium serum PCV2 load under the scenario studied. Home.

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  • Effect of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) infection on ...

    2011-6-15 · Introduction. Porcine circovirus (PCV) was first discovered as a contaminant of a permanent porcine kidney cell line (PK-15 [ATCC-CCL33]), and described as a small, spherical, non-cytopathic virus similar to picornavirus in terms of morphology (Tischer et al., Reference Tischer, Rasch and Tochtermann 1974).PCV is an icosahedral, non-enveloped, circular, single-stranded DNA virus with a ...

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  • porcine circovirus infections - CABI

    Pigs and wild boars are the only recognized naturally affected hosts of PCV1 and PCV2 (Segalés et al., 2005).PCV2 infection is considered ubiquitous in domestic pigs, with a sero-prevalence close to 100% in slaughter-age animals (Rodríguez-Arrioja et al., 2002; Sibila et al., 2004).PCV2 antibodies have been demonstrated in 33 and 37% of wild boars in Belgium, examined in 1993 and 2000 ...

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  • Generation of E. coli -derived virus-like particles of ...

    2016-3-14 · Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), a member of the genus Circovirus in the family Circoviridae, causes various syndromes and diseases in swine, collectively designated porcine circovirus-associated diseases (PCVAD) [].Furthermore, PCV2, together with other pathogens, has also been associated with PCV2 subclinical infection (PCV2-SI) [].That PCV2 causes increased mortality and …

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  • Are Porcine Circovirus Diseases Still Important? | The

    2021-5-21 · Some years ago, the vaccine initially licensed for adult swine was also registered for its use in piglets. A fourth PCV2 vaccine has been very recently launched (inactivated vaccine based on a chimeric virus that contains the capsid gene of PCV2 inserted in the backbone of the porcine circovirus …

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  • Cost of post-weaning multi-systemic wasting

    2013-3-13 · 1. Introduction. In 1996 post-weaning multi-systemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) was first described based on cases occurring in 1991 in Canada (Harding, 1996).Pigs affected by the disease were aged 8–16 weeks and showed wasting or growth retardation, pallor of the skin, respiratory signs and, occasionally, intermittent diarrhoea (Harding and Clark, 1997).

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  • A Cucumber Mosaic Virus Based Expression System

    2012-12-20 · Potential porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) capsid protein epitopes, suitable for expression on the surface of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) particles were determined by a thorough analysis of the predicted PCV capsid protein structure. The ab initio protein structure prediction was carried out with fold recognition and threading methods. The putative PCV epitopes were selected on the basis of ...

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  • Genome-wide analysis of long non-coding RNA

    2021-6-23 · 622 Campillo et al. are appreciable. 107 The mortality rate for acute PE is 12–50% and is more typical in replacement breeder animals.31,55,74,106 The chronic form of PE causes non-hemorrhagic diarrhea (i.e., gray-green, semi-solid to liquid feces), weight loss, or reduced rates of weight gain in younger pigs, but clinical

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  • PCVAD - Focus on Porcine circovirus associated

    2020-4-3 · PCV2 viraemia, a load-dependent effect on average daily weight gain during the postweaning period. The loss associated with decreased ADWG was of 13.1 € and 7.5 €/pig at 21 weeks of age for pigs with high and medium serum PCV2 load under the scenario studied. Home.

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  • Young MG, Cunningham GL, Sanford SE. Circovirus ...

    P orcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is a small, non-enveloped, single-stranded DNA virus with a circular genome. 1,2 It is the necessary agent in causing postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) and may be associated with several other disease syndromes in pigs, including proliferative and necrotizing pneumonia, porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome, and reproductive failure. 1-3 ...

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  • (PDF) Cost of post-weaning multi-systemic wasting

    Cost of post-weaning multi-systemic wasting syndrome and porcine circovirus type-2 subclinical infection in England – An economic disease model. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 2013. Jonathan Rushton. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper.

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  • Are Porcine Circovirus Diseases Still Important? | The

    2021-5-21 · Some years ago, the vaccine initially licensed for adult swine was also registered for its use in piglets. A fourth PCV2 vaccine has been very recently launched (inactivated vaccine based on a chimeric virus that contains the capsid gene of PCV2 inserted in the backbone of the porcine circovirus …

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  • PWMS and Circovirus Disease | The Pig Site

    2021-7-3 · PWMS and Circovirus Disease. In the latest Health Bulletin from NADIS, pig veterinarian Mark White presents the latest information on post weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) and other diseases involving circoviruses. Also covered are various methods of control, including the vaccines currently available in the UK.

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  • A Methodology for Porcine Circovirus 2 (PCV-2 ...

    2020-2-29 · Porcine circovirus diseases (PCVD) is one of the most important diseases a ecting domestic swine production; it is caused by porcine circovirus 2 (PCV-2) belonging to the family Circoviridae, genus Circovirus, which comprises three endemic types, PCV-1, PCV-2, and PCV-3 [1].

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  • Application of oral fluid sample to monitor Porcine ...

    Porcine circovirus-2 (PCV2) has been implicated in many clinical diseases/syndromes that are now referred to as PCV-associated diseases (PCVAD). Due to significant economic losses caused by PCVAD, many swine operations have launched extensive monitoring programs for PCV2. Traditional serum sampling is, however, rather expensive and laborious, hampering effective large scale pathogen ...

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  • Infectious agents identified in aborted swine fetuses in a ...

    2019-8-26 · circovirus-2 (PCV-2). Bacteria associated with abortion in pig herds include Escherichia coli Streptococcus sp., , Staphylococcus sp., Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Lepto-, spira sp., and Brucella suis. The study of multiple agents that cause swine reproduc …

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  • PigProgress - Microbiome modulation: The benefits

    2020-12-4 · Diseases assocd. with porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) infection are having a severe economic impact on swine-producing countries. The PCV2 capsid (Cap) protein expressed in eukaryotic systems self-assemble into virus-like particles (VLPs) which can serve as antigens for diagnostics or/and as vaccine candidates.

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  • Infection Dynamics of Swine Influenza Virus in a Danish ...

    Infection Dynamics of Swine Influenza Virus in a ... price to reflect the cost of the increased workload, intensified hygiene measures and other interventions to prevent disease in the e ort to reduce the use of antimicrobial agents. The herd produced and ... porcine circovirus-2 (PCV2) ...

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  • PCV2 infection before and during an outbreak of

    2013-3-28 · The presence of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2) and other pathogens before and during an outbreak of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PWMS) in pigs is evaluated in this study. At the time of the outbreak on a large commercial pig farm in the UK, serum samples and data were collected in two independent on-going research projects ...

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  • Porcine Circovirus Vaccine Market Size, Share, Trends ...

    PCV (Porcine Circovirus) is the tiniest non-enveloped, single-stranded DNA virus, which replicates autonomously in eukaryotic cells, utilizing the host polymerase for genome amplification. Usually, the cost of vaccines targeting porcine circovirus-associated disease (PCVAD) can range from USD 50 …

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  • Swine viral detection by adapted Next-Generation ...

    2020-6-9 · Swine viral detection by adapted Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) for RNA and DNA species reveals first detection of porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) in Chile Paulina S. Rubilar 1, 2 , Javier Tognarelli 2 , Jorge Fernández 2 , Cristóbal Valdés 1 , Felipe Broitman 1 , Dinka Mandakovic 3 , and Rodrigo Pulgar 3

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  • PigProgress - Microbiome modulation: The benefits

    2019-8-26 · circovirus-2 (PCV-2). Bacteria associated with abortion in pig herds include Escherichia coli Streptococcus sp., , Staphylococcus sp., Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Lepto-, spira sp., and Brucella suis. The study of multiple agents that cause swine reproduc …

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  • Infectious agents identified in aborted swine fetuses in a ...

    2020-2-29 · Porcine circovirus diseases (PCVD) is one of the most important diseases a ecting domestic swine production; it is caused by porcine circovirus 2 (PCV-2) belonging to the family Circoviridae, genus Circovirus, which comprises three endemic types, PCV-1, PCV-2, and PCV-3 [1].

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  • A Methodology for Porcine Circovirus 2 (PCV-2 ...

    2018-11-20 · RESEARCH ARTICLE Synaptogyrin-2 influences replication of Porcine circovirus 2 Lianna R. Walker1, Taylor B. Engle1, Hiep Vu1, Emily R. Tosky1, Dan J. Nonneman ID 2, Timothy P. L. Smith2, Tudor Borza ID 3, Thomas E. Burkey1, Graham S. Plastow ID 4, Stephen D. Kachman ID 5, Daniel C. Ciobanu ID 1* 1 Animal Science Department, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska, United …

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  • Synaptogyrin-2 influences replication of Porcine circovirus 2

    2020-12-4 · Diseases assocd. with porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) infection are having a severe economic impact on swine-producing countries. The PCV2 capsid (Cap) protein expressed in eukaryotic systems self-assemble into virus-like particles (VLPs) which can serve as antigens for diagnostics or/and as vaccine candidates.

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  • Reversible Mannosylation as a Covalent Binding

    2017-7-25 · One of the main Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae) swine experimental model objectives is to reproduce mycoplasmal pneumonia (MP). Unfortunately, experimental validated protocols to maximize the chance to successfully achieve lung lesions induced by M. hyopneumoniae are not available at the moment. Thus, the objective of this work was to identify those factors that might …

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  • Porcine circovirus type 2 and porcine circovirus ...

    Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) belongs to the viral family Circoviridae and to the genus Circovirus. Circoviruses are small, single-stranded nonenveloped DNA viruses that have an unsegmented circular genome. PCV2 is the primary causative agent of several syndromes collectively known as porcine circovirus-associated disease (PCVAD).

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  • Porcine Circovirus 2: Immunopathogenesis and Recent ...

    2014-6-19 · Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) is currently considered an important etiologic agent of swine and its infection has potentially serious economic impact on the swine industry worldwide. This virus is frequently associated with postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), and also with other clinical conditions such as porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome (PDNS), late-term abortions ...

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  • Costs of PCV-2 Infection - Finishing Pigs - Vaccination ...

    2007-3-12 · The potential cost of a severe chronic form of PCV-2 infection causing a 7% increase in mortality could be as much as 16.19 Euros/pig or US 21.37 (Exchange rate: US1.32 = 1€, Other Currencies) . An approximate cost of PCV-2 disease in finishers can be based on associated extra mortality and its effects on reducing growth rate and FCE, according to the severity of the condition.

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  • Development and optimization of Multiplex- PCR for ...

    2021-3-15 · Porcine circovirus type 2; Detection pathogen ABSTRACT ... Co-infection PRV+PCV2 2 2 6.67 PPV+PCV2 1 1 3.33 PPV+PCV2 3 3 10 PPV+PRV+PCV2 1 1 3.33 Table 2. Detection of PRV, PPV and PCV2 viruses in clinical samples by multiplex-PCR and ... seriously affect the efficiency and cost of swine production. The etiology of repro-ductive diseases is ...

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  • Circovirus Vaccine Performs Well | National Hog Farmer

    2007-3-15 · A federally licensed vaccine for porcine circovirus provided excellent results in recent trials. Last June, a team of Kansas State University (KSU) swine researchers was searching for the right commercial herd to test a federally licensed circovirus vaccine. The goal was to determine vaccine efficacy and provide some hope to frustrated producers in the state. An isolated, 300-sow, farrow-to …

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  • Classical swine fever - OIE - World Organisation for ...

    Classical swine fever (CSF), also known as hog cholera, is a contagious viral disease of domestic and wild swine. It is caused by a virus of the genus Pestivirus of the family Flaviviridae, which is closely related to the viruses that cause bovine viral diarrhoea in cattle and border disease in sheep. There is only one serotype of CSF virus (CSFV).

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  • Generation and immunogenicity assessment of ELPylated ...

    2020-6-9 · Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the primary causative agent of several syndromes collectively known as porcine circovirus-associated disease (PCVAD) [1, 2]. Vaccination is an effective and eco-nomical method for the control of PCV2 infection. Currently, at least five commercial PCV2 vaccines are available in the international market ...

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  • Production and purification of VP2 protein of porcine ...

    2010-12-10 · Porcine parvovirus (PPV) causes reproductive failure in pregnant sows. The infection occurs without clinical symptoms in adults; however, the virus can cross the placental barrier during the infection and cause the death of the fetuses, stillbirths and return to estrus [].More recently, PPV has gained importance as an agent able to increase the effects of porcine circovirus type 2 infection in ...

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  • Evaluation of natural porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2 ...

    2016-12-3 · This study aimed to determine the porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) serological and virological dynamics in piglets vaccinated at different ages in a PCV2 subclinical infection (PCV2-SI) scenario. Six hundred and forty-four 2 week-old healthy piglets were selected and distributed into four treatment groups: vaccination at 3, 6 or 10 weeks of age (3W-VAC, 6W-VAC and 10W-VAC groups, …

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  • Swine Erysipelas - Generalized Conditions - Veterinary

    Similar skin lesions can be found with porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome caused by porcine circovirus, or infection with classical swine fever virus or Actinobacillus suis. Glasser’s disease due to Haemophilus parasuis infection and Mycoplasma hyosynoviae infection can precipitate similar changes in synovial tissues and joints of ...

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  • PCV2 disease and economic impact in pigs | The Pig Site

    2021-6-23 · Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) has been causing disease in the global pig population for over 30 years. Fortunately, since the introduction of commercial PCV2 vaccines, where the vaccines are applied correctly, clinical disease is rarely seen; but interestingly despite the majority of the global population of pigs being vaccinated against PCV2 the virus is still endemic.

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  • Development and optimization of Multiplex- PCR for ...

    2021-3-15 · Porcine circovirus type 2; Detection pathogen ABSTRACT ... seriously affect the efficiency and cost of swine production. The etiology of repro-ductive diseases is complex. PRV, PPV, ... infection carry the virus form and exhibits persistent viral infection for their entire life7.

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  • Development and optimization of Multiplex- PCR for ...

    2021-3-15 · Porcine circovirus type 2; Detection pathogen ABSTRACT ... Co-infection PRV+PCV2 2 2 6.67 PPV+PCV2 1 1 3.33 PPV+PCV2 3 3 10 PPV+PRV+PCV2 1 1 3.33 Table 2. Detection of PRV, PPV and PCV2 viruses in clinical samples by multiplex-PCR and ... seriously affect the efficiency and cost of swine production. The etiology of repro-ductive diseases is ...

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  • Key Facts about Swine Influenza (Swine Flu) in Pigs |

    Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza virus that regularly causes outbreaks of influenza in pigs. Swine flu viruses do not usually infect humans, but rare human infections have occurred. (For more information about swine influenza infections in humans, see Variant Influenza Viruses in Humans ).

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  • DEVELOPMENT OF A MULTIPLEX FLUORESCENT

    2013-6-17 · Syndrome (PRRS), Porcine Circovirus Associated Disease (PCVAD) and Swine influenza cost the US swine industry more than a billion dollars each year. This study developed a fluorescent microsphere immunoassay (FMIA) to simultaneously detect antibodies to the causative pathogens: PRRSV, porcine circovirus (PCV2) and swine influenza virus (SIV).

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  • Evaluation of natural porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2 ...

    2016-12-3 · This study aimed to determine the porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) serological and virological dynamics in piglets vaccinated at different ages in a PCV2 subclinical infection (PCV2-SI) scenario. Six hundred and forty-four 2 week-old healthy piglets were selected and distributed into four treatment groups: vaccination at 3, 6 or 10 weeks of age (3W-VAC, 6W-VAC and 10W-VAC groups, …

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  • Frontiers | Clinical Validation of Two Recombinase

    2020-7-21 · African swine fever (ASF), caused by African swine fever virus (ASFV), is a devastating infectious disease of domestic pigs and wild boars, and has tremendous negative socioeconomic impact on the swine industry and food security worldwide. It is characterized as a notifiable disease by World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). No effective vaccine or treatment against ASF has so far been ...

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  • Swine Erysipelas - Generalized Conditions - Veterinary

    Similar skin lesions can be found with porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome caused by porcine circovirus, or infection with classical swine fever virus or Actinobacillus suis. Glasser’s disease due to Haemophilus parasuis infection and Mycoplasma hyosynoviae infection can precipitate similar changes in synovial tissues and joints of ...

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  • Salmonella choleraesuis in Swine - Pork Information

    Salmonellosis, the disease that may result from Salmonella infection, continues to have a significant economic impact on the national swineherd. Between 1975 and 1995 , S. choleraesuis was one of the most common organisms isolated from cases of swine pneumonia and septicemia. It also was the most prevalent serotype (>90% of isolates) of all Salmonella isolated from diseased swine. In 1991, it ...

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  • Cost of PMWS and PCV2 subclinical infection - Swine ...

    2012-11-26 · The model showed the high cost PMWS has caused the English pig industry in 2008 and highlights the importance of the cost of subclinical cases, usually understimated. P. Alarcon, J. Rushton, B. Wieland. Cost of post-weaning multi-systemic wasting syndrome and PCV2 subclinical infection – a stochastic economic model. IPVS, 2012.

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  • Circovac Vaccines Swine Ceva United Kingdom

    Cost of post-weaning multi-systemic wasting syndrome and porcine circovirus type-2 subclinical infection in England–an economic disease model. Preventive veterinary medicine, 110(2), pp.88-102. 2) Young MG, Cunningham GL, Sanford SE. Circovirus vaccination in pigs with subclinical porcine circovirus type 2 infection complicated by ileitis.

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  • Vaccine Efficacy for Swine Producers - Iowa Bio

    2017-3-27 · Swine Viral Diseases •The majority of swine health issues are viral diseases: –Porcine Respiratory and Reproductive Syndrome (PRRSV) –Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDV) –Porcine Circovirus Type 2 (PCV2) –Influenza A Virus (IAV) •Most of the antibiotics used today in swine are for treating secondary bacterial pathogens that ...

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  • Synaptogyrin-2 influences replication of Porcine

    2018-10-31 · Author summary The cost of managing Porcine Circovirus 2 (PCV2) associated diseases in the US alone costs the swine industry more than 250 million a year. This virus is found in all swine populations in the US, but only a few pigs get sick and show signs of disease. Previous anecdotal field data showed differences between pig breeds in both incidence and severity of PCV2-associated …

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  • Spread of porcine circovirus associated disease

    2010-12-30 · The systemic form of porcine circovirus associated disease (PCVAD), also known as postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) was initially detected in the early 1990s. Starting in 2004, the Canadian swine industry experienced considerable losses due to PCVAD, concurrent with a shift in genotype of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2).

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  • Development and validation of direct PCR and

    2019-8-22 · Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV-2), which has been identified as one of the major threats to the swine industry. 20 Several studies per - formed over time have demonstrated viral evolution capabil-ites11 and high genetic diversity, particularly of the capsid gene.3,10 Such fast evolution is …

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  • Pig Clinical Pharmacology - Swine Antimicrobial ...

    2019-9-5 · Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2) has been associated with a number of clinical conditions in swine that can cause high economic losses for the pig industry [1, 2].The most common clinical manifestation of these diseases has been post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), which was first described in Canada in 1991 [3, 4].The term porcine circovirus diseases (PCVDs) has been …

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  • Effect of Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV-2) maternally

    2018-2-1 · Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), a circular, single-stranded, non-enveloped DNA virus has been demon-strated to be present in almost all commercial swine herds worldwide [1, 2]. PCV2 is the essential infectious agent in-volved in post-weaning multi-systemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) in pigs [3, 4]. The virus has been detected in

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  • Comparison of serum pools and oral fluid samples for ...

    2019-9-5 · A diagnostic method to simultaneously detect and discriminate porcine circovirus type 1 (PCV1), porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and porcine circovirus type 3 (PCV3) in clinical specimens is imperative for the differential diagnosis and monitoring and control of PCVs in the field. Three primer pairs were designed and used to develop a multiplex PCR assay.

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  • Latvia: classical swine fever subclinical infection

    2010-7-28 · A multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was designed for the simultaneous detection of four viruses involved in reproductive and respiratory failure in pigs: porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2), porcine parvovirus (PPV), classical swine fever virus (CSFV) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV).

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  • Production of Porcine Circovirus Type 2 Virus-Like ...

    2018-8-31 · Pseudorabies virus (PRV) and porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) are economically important swine viruses that cause pseudorabies (PR) and porcine circovirus-associated disease (PCVAD), respectively. Vaccination appears to be efficacious for PR eradication and control of PCVAD. Combining the PRV marker vaccine and the PCV2 immunogen in a single ...

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  • PMWS - MSD Animal Health Republic of Ireland

    PMWS A page about porcine circovirus infection describing cause, clinical signs, diagnosis and control. Introduction PCVD (Porcine Circovirus Disease) is the name we have chosen to describe what was previously known as PMWS (Post-weaning multisystemic wasting disease) or simply “Wasting Disease”. PCVD is now recognised as a global, epizootic disease that causes significant economic losses

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  • Multiplex method for simultaneous serological

    2011-7-6 · Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) are major contributors to the porcine respiratory disease complex (PRDC). Routine serological diagnosis and surveillance play an important role in the prevention of PRDC, as it is a leading cause of economic losses to the swine industry.

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  • COMBINATION VACCINE FOR SWINE - Intervet Inc.

    The present invention relates to a combination vaccine for swine, comprising non-replicating antigen from porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), and live porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV); the combination vaccine is formulated as an oil-in-water emulsion, and is adjuvated with squalane and vitamin E-acetate.

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  • PoultryWorld - Microbiome modulation: The benefits

    2018-12-13 · Microbiome modulation: The benefits for swine The gut microbiome is the term used to describe the collection of micro-organisms living in the gastrointestinal tract. These micro-organisms are vastly diverse, including viruses, bacteria, protozoa, fungi and archaea, and have been reported to equal or outnumber the cells of the host.

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  • Gut Health Solutions for Swine | Animal Gut Health ...

    2021-6-30 · KEM-GEST™ is a blend of organic and inorganic acids designed to provide an economical means to acidify swine feed. This multi-acid approach helps protect a pig's GI tract from growth-limiting pathogens. Inhibition of pathogens promotes better gut health and production efficiency. References. 1 Peng, L. et al. 2009.

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  • Modelling infectious viral diseases in swine

    2020-8-20 · A literature search on PubMed and Scopus databases was performed on March 28, 2020, including articles with the following terms as keywords, title or abstract terms: (pig OR swine) AND (virus OR “viral infection” OR “viral disease”) AND (simulation OR mathematical OR stochastic OR estimation OR inference) AND (model OR modeling OR modelling).In the present review, being dedicated to ...

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  • Managing MLV PRRS vaccines for optimum

    2019-12-13 · Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2): pathogenesis and interaction with the immune system [J]. Annu Rev Anim Biosci, 2013, 1: 43-64. [4]Alarcon P, Rushton J, Wieland B. Cost of post-weaning multi-systemic wasting syndrome and porcine circovirus type-2 subclinical infection in England - An economic disease model [J].

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