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florfenicol powder used for farmed animals using method

  • Compound florfenicol powder for animals and

    The invention discloses a veterinary compound florfenicol powder and a preparation method thereof, which aims at providing the veterinary compound florfenicol powder that has rapid onset of action for the treatment for porcine infectious pleuropneumonia and mycoplasmal pneumonia and can treat both manifestation and root causes of the diseases, alleviate the stress reactions when having the ...

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  • Aquaflor® (Florfenicol)

    There are two methods for making Aquaflor ® (florfenicol) Type C Medicated Feed by top-coating. Method 1: a) add a known quantity of fish feed into a mixer, b) weigh out Aquaflor ® (florfenicol), c) mix Aquaflor ® with feed pellets, d) medicated feed pellets are mixed/coated with a predetermined amount of fish or vegetable oil, and e)

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  • Florfenicol - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    Florfenicol is among the most commonly used antibacterial drug in aquaculture for treatment of diseases of both warm- and cold-water fishes (Samuelsen and Bergh, 2004; El-sayed et al., 2013). Florfenicol was the most frequently used antibiotic (82.5%) in Chilean salmon aquaculture in 2016, being used to treat Pisciricketsia salmonis ( Miranda et al., 2018 ).

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  • Study of an egg powder certified reference material

    Florfenicol (FF) belongs to the family of chloramphenicol drugs, which is often used for the treatment of infections in farmed animals , , . China has set a maximum residue limit (MRL) for florfenicol in directive standard of GB 31650–2019 National food safety standard-Maximum residue limits for veterinary drugs in …

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  • Comparative muscle irritation and pharmacokinetics

    Florfenicol (FF) is a novel animal-specific amidohydrin broad-spectrum antibiotic. However, its aqueous solubility is extremely poor, far below the effective dose required for veterinary clinic. Thus, FF is often used in large doses, which significantly limits its preparation and application. To ove …

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  • Veterinary drug use in aquaculture - ScienceDirect

    2008-1-1 · Florfenicol. Florfenicol is a semi-synthetic antibacterial agent with chemical structure and spectrum of antibacterial activity similar to thiamphenicol. Both florfenicol and thiamphenicol are chloramphenicol analogues where the p-nitro group on the aromatic ring is substituted with a sulfonylmethyl group.

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  • WO 2008/133901 A1 - Compounds And Methods For

    2008-11-6 · The invention provides compositions containing florfenicol or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof for use in animal drinking water systems. In some preferred aspects of the invention, the florfenicol is present in an aqueous formulation, a solvent formulation, an aqueous/solvent formulation, a powder, granules or a lyophilized power/cake.

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  • Simultaneous Determination of Florfenicol and

    2010-9-29 · FLORFENICOL, ANTIMICROBIALS AND QUINOLONES IN IMPORTED FARMED FISH A survey carried out by the Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) on behalf of the Veterinary Residues Committee (VRC) found no evidence of the use of dyes, tetracyclines, nitrofurans, chloramphenicol, florfenicol, antimicrobials and quinolones in samples of imported farmed fish.

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  • VETERINARY RESIDUES COMMITTEE ANNOUNCEMENT

    2019-3-1 · Fewer reported methods include a hydrolysis step; these methods include a high-performance liquid chromatography–ultraviolet (HPLC-UV) method for channel catfish , a USDA official method using HPLC-UV for determination and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method (LC-MS/MS) for confirmation , and an LC-MS/MS method for porcine muscle and for deer muscle and liver (Table …

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  • Label: AQUAFLOR TYPE A MEDICATED ARTICLE-

    2017-9-15 · However, in Europe, FF is not permitted to be used in milk and egg producing animals, farmed for human consumption . Various analytical methods have been published for the analysis of florfenicol and its major metabolite florfenicol amine (FFA), either alone or with other amphenicols, in a variety of food items.

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  • LC–MS/MS based method development for the

    2019-5-13 · The NRI method was used with permission from the patent holder, Bioscand AB, TÄBY, Sweden (European patent No 1383913, US Patent No. 7,465,559). ... Definition of the most appropriate dose of florfenicol using the Montecarlo simulation. ... good veterinary practice in the use of antimicrobials in food-producing animals, including farmed salmon ...

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  • Optimization of florfenicol dose against Piscirickettsia ...

    2021-3-30 · Method validation. To quantify more accurately, the internal standard is used to correct the final results. Calibration curves for FF and FFA in the blank matrixes at concentrations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 200 ng/mL (mixed with 50 μg/kg internal standard) were constructed by drawing the relationship between the peak areas (y-axis) and concentration (x-axis).

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  • Development and validation of a method for

    2021-5-24 · Florfenicol (Scheme 1) is a synthetic and long-acting antibacterial drug.It is used only in veterinary field. It is bacteriostatic effective. It is undisputed due to the fact that florfenicol remains ionized at pH levels in the range of 3–9, is poorly dissolved in aqueous solutions, and is well dispersed in tissues due to its lipophilic property, broad spectrum of action, therapeutic ...

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  • Voltammetric determination of florfenicol by using

    2012-7-31 · These parameters obtained on the validation studies qualify the HPLC/UV method developed to be used in regulatory programmes for monitoring florfenicol residues in fish muscle. The study demonstrated that this is a cost effective, sensitive and rapid method, for the determination of florfenicol residues in fish muscle.

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  • Monitoring of florfenicol residues in fish muscle by

    The mol ratio of the materials of florfenicol: triethylamine:succinic anhydride is 1:2-4:1.5-3. Florfenicol sodium succinate preparation can be made into injection, aqueous solution and lyophilized powder and can be used for disease prevention and treatment on animals.

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  • CN101279941A - Preparation of florfenicol sodium

    2014-1-1 · The proposed method was applied to simultaneously determine the florfenicol and diclazuril in compound powder. The results of the assay yielded 98.49 [+ or -] 0.33% for florfenicol and 101.46 [+ or -] 0.58% for diclazuril indicating that the method was selective and accurate for the simultaneous determination of florfenicol and diclazuril ...

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  • Simultaneous determination of florfenicol and

    2012-10-10 · Figure 2. Distribution of MIC values of florfenicol in 36 Flavobacterium spp. isolates able to grow in at least 2 mg L-1 florfenicol. The finding of high tolerance to all the antimicrobials commonly used to treat farmed salmonids in the UK is noteworthy. However, further work is now needed to determine the

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  • In vitro antimicrobial sensitivities of Flavobacterium spp ...

    The invention discloses florfenicol soluble power. The florfenicol soluble power consists of by weight, florfenicol 65-75%, polyethylene glycol 6000 10-15%, polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) 5-10% and carbomer 5-10%. By means of reasonable compounding of the florfenicol, the polyethylene glycol 6000, the PVP and the carbomer, the water solubility of the florfenicol is improved greatly, and the long ...

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  • Optimization of florfenicol dose against Piscirickettsia ...

    2019-5-13 · The NRI method was used with permission from the patent holder, Bioscand AB, TÄBY, Sweden (European patent No 1383913, US Patent No. 7,465,559). ... Definition of the most appropriate dose of florfenicol using the Montecarlo simulation. ... good veterinary practice in the use of antimicrobials in food-producing animals, including farmed salmon ...

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  • Aquaflor (Florfenicol) 50% Type A Medicated Article for ...

    quantities of florfenicol being administered will be dependent on the quantities and weight of fish requiring treatment. The product is intended for use in farmed catfish in the freshwater environment. [email protected] is currently being used in Japan, South Korea, Norway, Chile, Canada and the UK.

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  • CN101279941A - Preparation of florfenicol sodium

    The mol ratio of the materials of florfenicol: triethylamine:succinic anhydride is 1:2-4:1.5-3. Florfenicol sodium succinate preparation can be made into injection, aqueous solution and lyophilized powder and can be used for disease prevention and treatment on animals.

    Get Price
  • Simultaneous determination of florfenicol and

    2014-1-1 · The proposed method was applied to simultaneously determine the florfenicol and diclazuril in compound powder. The results of the assay yielded 98.49 [+ or -] 0.33% for florfenicol and 101.46 [+ or -] 0.58% for diclazuril indicating that the method was selective and accurate for the simultaneous determination of florfenicol and diclazuril ...

    Get Price
  • Fish Floral 50 ROOYAN® - Florfenicol 50% - Rooyan

    Florfenicol is a synthetic broad spectrum antibiotic that prevents the growth of bacteria through binding to the 50s ribosomal subunit and inhibiting the protein synthesis(it is a bacteriostatic antibiotic), but in higher concentration in some bacteria could be bactericidal.Florfenicol is active against many gram positive and gram negative pathogens in fish including Aeromonas salmonicida ...

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  • In vitro antimicrobial sensitivities of Flavobacterium spp ...

    2012-10-10 · Figure 2. Distribution of MIC values of florfenicol in 36 Flavobacterium spp. isolates able to grow in at least 2 mg L-1 florfenicol. The finding of high tolerance to all the antimicrobials commonly used to treat farmed salmonids in the UK is noteworthy. However, further work is now needed to determine the

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  • Comparative muscle irritation and pharmacokinetics

    2019-11-13 · XRD analysis is a common method used to detect crystalline and amorphous forms. Figure 2 shows the XRD patterns of FF, HP-β-CD, PM, and FF-HP …

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  • Safety of Florfenicol Administered in Feed to Tilapia ...

    2012-10-26 · The safety of Aquaflor ® (50% w/w florfenicol [FFC]) incorporated in feed then administered to tilapia for 20 days (2× the recommended duration) at 0, 15, 45, or 75 mg/kg body weight/day (0, 1, 3, or 5× the recommended dose of 15 mg FFC/kg BW/d) was investigated. Mortality, behavioral change, feed consumption, body size, and gross and microscopic lesions were determined.

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  • Simultaneous determination of multi-class veterinary

    2021-5-10 · The objective of this study was to optimize the analytical method for multi-class veterinary drug residues of 64 compounds in fishery products. Several compounds from veterinary drugs are banned or unauthorized in fishery products according to the Korean Food Code. Samples were extracted using acetonitrile/water (4:1, v/v) and the clean-up step was carried out by adding octadecylsilane and ...

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  • Veterinary Medicine 10% 30% Amoxicillin Soluble

    [Product name] Amoxicillin Soluble Power [Main ingredient] 30% Amoxicillin[Description] The product is white or off-white powder.[Indication] Antibiotics.Used in chickens for the infection caused by bacteria, which are sensitive to Penicillin. [Administration and dosage] Pig Mix with feed, add 1000g of the product per ton of feed, once a day, continue for 3-5 days;

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  • Voltammetric determination of florfenicol by using

    2021-5-24 · Florfenicol (Scheme 1) is a synthetic and long-acting antibacterial drug.It is used only in veterinary field. It is bacteriostatic effective. It is undisputed due to the fact that florfenicol remains ionized at pH levels in the range of 3–9, is poorly dissolved in aqueous solutions, and is well dispersed in tissues due to its lipophilic property, broad spectrum of action, therapeutic ...

    Get Price
  • Simultaneous determination of florfenicol and

    2014-1-1 · The proposed method was applied to simultaneously determine the florfenicol and diclazuril in compound powder. The results of the assay yielded 98.49 [+ or -] 0.33% for florfenicol and 101.46 [+ or -] 0.58% for diclazuril indicating that the method was selective and accurate for the simultaneous determination of florfenicol and diclazuril ...

    Get Price
  • Comparative muscle irritation and pharmacokinetics

    2019-11-13 · XRD analysis is a common method used to detect crystalline and amorphous forms. Figure 2 shows the XRD patterns of FF, HP-β-CD, PM, and FF-HP …

    Get Price
  • Use of Antimicrobial Agents in Aquaculture | The Fish

    2021-7-2 · Florfenicol is indicated for the treatment of fish diseases such as furunculosis in Atlantic salmon and rainbow trout fry syndrome. Risks and Regulations Safety. Exposure of untargeted animals and the environment to drugs used in aquaculture is inevitable due to the characteristics of the culture systems and the manner of introduction of the drugs.

    Get Price
  • Safety of Florfenicol Administered in Feed to Tilapia ...

    2012-10-26 · The safety of Aquaflor ® (50% w/w florfenicol [FFC]) incorporated in feed then administered to tilapia for 20 days (2× the recommended duration) at 0, 15, 45, or 75 mg/kg body weight/day (0, 1, 3, or 5× the recommended dose of 15 mg FFC/kg BW/d) was investigated. Mortality, behavioral change, feed consumption, body size, and gross and microscopic lesions were determined.

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  • Occurrence of antimicrobial residues in tilapia ...

    Antimicrobial drug residues were quantitated in the incurred samples by using matrix-matched analytical curves. Oxytetracycline, florfenicol and, for the first time, enrofloxacin residues are reported in tilapia fillet samples from Brazil, though, in accordance with the European and Brazilian regulatory framework.

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  • Supplying and using animal by-products as farm ... -

    2014-9-5 · any animal kept fattened or bred by humans for food, wool, fur, feather, hides and skins or any other product. any horses kept by humans. any farm animal species kept as pets, for example sheep or ...

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  • COMPOUNDS AND METHODS FOR ENHANCING

    A Phenomenx®, Luna C8 5 micron column was used. The flow rate was 1.0 mL/min and the detection wavelength was 260 nm. Binding constants were calculated using the Higuchi Connors method from solubility study plots. The solubility of florfenicol in aqueous CD/PEG-300 systems was also investigated with the same technique.

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  • Molecules | Free Full-Text | Chitosan Oligosaccharides ...

    The method is relatively simple and feasible for further industry scale-up. Mass spectrometry results suggested that each COS oligomer (COS2-COS 8) conjugated to two florfenicol molecules . This may be due to the mole ratio of florfenicol and COS used in the reaction.

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  • Transfer of a Multiclass Method for over 60

    A multiclass method has been developed to screen and confirm a wide range of anti-microbial residues in muscle and milk, and validated using liquid-chromatography coupled to (low-resolution, LR) tandem mass spectrometry (LC-QqQ). Over sixty antibiotics, belonging to ten distinct families, were included in the method scope. The development process was rapidly concluded as a result of two ...

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  • Florfenicol_Hubei Longxiang Pharmaceutical

    Application. Florfenicol is a kind of antibacterial API for animals use, for the treatment of bacterial diseases on chicken, fish and pig, it is especially effective for respiratory system infection and intestinal infection. Corresponding parameter set not found, please add it in property template of background. 暂未 …

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  • Voltammetric determination of florfenicol by using

    2021-5-24 · Florfenicol (Scheme 1) is a synthetic and long-acting antibacterial drug.It is used only in veterinary field. It is bacteriostatic effective. It is undisputed due to the fact that florfenicol remains ionized at pH levels in the range of 3–9, is poorly dissolved in aqueous solutions, and is well dispersed in tissues due to its lipophilic property, broad spectrum of action, therapeutic ...

    Get Price
  • Florfenicol 50% Powder - Global Manufacturers

    Composition per gram powder Contains: Florfenicol 500 mg. Indication -Cattle: Mastitis, endometritis, staphylococcus, and streptococcus. -Swine: Porcine contagious ...

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  • Frontiers | Current Status of the Use of Antibiotics and ...

    2020-9-8 · Calves Kidney Florfenicol 97 2 300 480, 2300 (florfenicol) Cattle Kidney Florfenicol 260 1 300 820 (florfenicol) ... Chlortetracycline powder was given to female calves mixed with milk at day one. ... doses, dates, method of treatments of the drugs, withdrawal periods recorded). There is a good system to identify animals under medication ...

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  • National statutory surveillance scheme for veterinary ...

    Method of treating liver steatosis in a mammal: July, 2004: Sleeman: 20100061939: Chewing Gum: March, 2010: Mortensen: 20090053179: METHOD FOR USING LIBERATED DORMANT BACTERIOPHAGE AND ENVIRONMENTAL STRESS TO REDUCE INFECTIOUS BACTERIA: February, 2009: Rhodes et al. 20060210496: COMPOSITIONS FOR SKIN PROTECTION FROM …

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  • EFFERVESCENT FORMULATIONS OF FLORFENICOL

    2021-7-2 · Florfenicol is indicated for the treatment of fish diseases such as furunculosis in Atlantic salmon and rainbow trout fry syndrome. Risks and Regulations Safety. Exposure of untargeted animals and the environment to drugs used in aquaculture is inevitable due to the characteristics of the culture systems and the manner of introduction of the drugs.

    Get Price
  • Use of Antimicrobial Agents in Aquaculture | The Fish

    2014-9-5 · any animal kept fattened or bred by humans for food, wool, fur, feather, hides and skins or any other product. any horses kept by humans. any farm animal species kept as pets, for example sheep or ...

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  • Supplying and using animal by-products as farm ... -

    2015-2-13 · farmed animals (except aquaculture animals and fur animals) No prohibited constituents of animal ... Plasma powder Bones. Walloon Agricultural Research Centre ... Efficiency of FISH using ATTO 565-conjugated ruminant DNA probe on different types of reference bones

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  • Complementary methods for animal proteins detection in

    2017-12-28 · Isolate Y2 was identified phenotypically using API 32E test strips as recommended by Cheng et al. (2013). The test strip was incubated at 37. 0. C and observed after 24h against the API identification index. The type strain ATCC BAA-1097 of . S. putrefaciens. was used as …

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  • Frontiers | Current Status of the Use of Antibiotics and ...

    Florfenicol Oral Solution, Veterinary Antibiotics Solution, Veterinary Oral Solution manufacturer supplier in China, offering High Quality 10% Florfenicol Oral Solution, Veterinary Medicine of 5% Flunixin Meglumine Injection for Cattle Sheep Goat Horses and Pigs, Analgin Vc Injection with High Quality (Veterinary Medicine) and so on.

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  • China High Quality 10% Florfenicol Oral Solution -

    High Quality Factory Supply Florfenicol powder raw material veterinary medicine for sheep/goat/poultry Xian Biof Bio-Technology Co., Ltd. Port: Shanghai,Guangzhou Function Antibacterial Drugs Dosage Form Powder Animal Type Aquatic Animals, Horse, Pets, Pig Place of Origin Shaanxi, China (Mainland) Brand Name BIOF

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  • Animal & Veterinary Suppliers, Distributors,

    2017-12-28 · Isolate Y2 was identified phenotypically using API 32E test strips as recommended by Cheng et al. (2013). The test strip was incubated at 37. 0. C and observed after 24h against the API identification index. The type strain ATCC BAA-1097 of . S. putrefaciens. was used as …

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  • Shewanella putrefaciens: an emerging pathogen for

    2015-2-13 · farmed animals (except aquaculture animals and fur animals) No prohibited constituents of animal ... Plasma powder Bones. Walloon Agricultural Research Centre ... Efficiency of FISH using ATTO 565-conjugated ruminant DNA probe on different types of reference bones

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  • Complementary methods for animal proteins detection in

    Ethoxyquin (EQ, 6-ethoxy-1,2-dihydro-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline) is widely used in animal feed in order to protect it against lipid peroxidation. EQ cannot be used in any food for human consumption (except spices, e.g., chili), but it can pass from feed to farmed fish, poultry, and eggs, so human beings can be exposed to this antioxidant. The manufacturer Monsanto Company (USA) performed a ...

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  • Ethoxyquin: An Antioxidant Used in Animal Feed

    2017-10-25 · · Captive Bolt Pistol (CBP): This stunning method is widely used for all farmed animals and rabbits. Gun powder (cartridge), compressed air and spring under tension drive bolts through the skull of animals. This type of stunning is widely used for all farmed animals. It is called 'captive' since the bolt is shot out of the barrel but

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  • The Slaughter of Livestock (part 2 of 4): Modern ...

    ABSTRACT. One polyclonal antibody against florfenicol and thiamphenicol was produced and a competitive ELISA was developed for the detection of florfenicol and

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  • Technical note: Development of an enzyme-linked ...

    2018-9-22 · The 0.1% phoxim water-based solution was sprayed on the mink. The second product used was 1.25% w/w bendiocarb powder (Ficam ® D), which was applied to the straw material in the nest box at a dose of 4 g. Twenty-five millilitre of water and 4 g of talc powder were used as control references for the phoxim and bendiocarb treatments, respectively.

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  • The use of phoxim and bendiocarb for control of fleas

    2019-5-13 · When using GC to analyze CAP drug residues, the target needs to be derivatized, making the analysis process cumbersome. The most widely used analytical method involves LC-MS, and although this method offers qualitative and quantitative (mass spectrometry) accuracy and high sensitivity, the instrument is expensive, and the detection cost is high.

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  • Study Protocol - AQUAFLOR® (florfenicol) USE IN

    2011-8-1 · Florfenicol is a potent, broad spectrum antibacterial agent with bacteriostatic properties (Horsberg et al 1996). It is a fluorinated analogue of thiamphenicol, and is similar in structure to chloramphenicol. Both thiamphenicol and chloramphenicol have been used as broad spectrum veterinary antibiotics (Nagata and Oka 1996). Aquaflor ®

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  • China High Quality 10% Florfenicol Oral Solution -

    Florfenicol Oral Solution, Veterinary Antibiotics Solution, Veterinary Oral Solution manufacturer supplier in China, offering High Quality 10% Florfenicol Oral Solution, Veterinary Medicine of 5% Flunixin Meglumine Injection for Cattle Sheep Goat Horses and Pigs, Analgin Vc Injection with High Quality (Veterinary Medicine) and so on.

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  • National statutory surveillance scheme for veterinary ...

    2020-9-8 · Calves Kidney Florfenicol 97 2 300 480, 2300 (florfenicol) Cattle Kidney Florfenicol 260 1 300 820 (florfenicol) ... Chlortetracycline powder was given to female calves mixed with milk at day one. ... doses, dates, method of treatments of the drugs, withdrawal periods recorded). There is a good system to identify animals under medication ...

    Get Price
  • Investigation of Antimicrobial Resistance in

    2014-4-18 · Susceptibility to florfenicol and vancomycin was examined using the broth microdilution method, using the protocol described above. In addition, an agar screening method was used to detect high-level streptomycin resistance (HLSR) and high-level gentamicin resistance (HLGR), according to the method of the CLSI [15] .

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  • Ethoxyquin: An Antioxidant Used in Animal Feed

    Ethoxyquin (EQ, 6-ethoxy-1,2-dihydro-2,2,4-trimethylquinoline) is widely used in animal feed in order to protect it against lipid peroxidation. EQ cannot be used in any food for human consumption (except spices, e.g., chili), but it can pass from feed to farmed fish, poultry, and eggs, so human beings can be exposed to this antioxidant. The manufacturer Monsanto Company (USA) performed a ...

    Get Price
  • Feed Formula and Feeding Method of Freshwater Fish

    2021-2-17 · 10.2.5 Commercial value of fish oils. 10.2.6 Fish oil quality. The two commercially significant products of the Industry are a protein-rich meal and oil.. In 1983 the values of the world production of these products were around US 2500 million and US 400million, respectively. The meal has a high content of protein which is of high nutritional ...

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  • EuroProxima Neomycin - Food & Feed Analysis

    nial legume, is grown worldwide as a high-protein forage crop used primarily for dairy and beef cattle feeds. However, its utility as a protein source for feeding other farmed animals has great potential. Wet fractionation can provide several products that increase the value of the crop. The amount of alfalfa protein concentrate (APC)

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  • The production of fish meal and oil - 10. The products

    Our results indicate that stable isotope analyses seem to be a useful tool to distinguish between naturally growing and intensively farmed frogs. We believe that this method can be used to improve the control in the international trade of frog legs, as well as for other biological products, thus supporting farming activities and decreasing ...

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  • Simultaneous determination of chloramphenicol,

    1998-7-1 · Simultaneous determination of chloramphenicol and florfenicol in liquid milk, milk powder and bovine muscle by LC-MS/MS. Rezende DR , Filho NF , Rocha GL Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess , 29(4):559-570, 12 Jan 2012

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  • Minor Use Animal Drugs - UNIVERSITY OF

    2020-12-4 · Method validation report was submitted to the NC Region for QA review. Florfenicol (Nuflor Gold)/sheep(ADR350): Pilot study evaluating administration route (IM vs SC) and doses of 20 (IM) or 40 (SC) mg/kg was performed and all samples analyzed. Another dose range finding study using the SC route of administration is required.

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  • Water-Soluble Prodrugs of Florfenicol and its Analogs ...

    2007-12-11 · Samples were stirred for 30 seconds to precipitate the protein and to stop the reaction and were centrifuged at 14,000 rpm for 5 minutes. The supernatant was collected for HPLC analysis. Peak area of florfenicol was used to determine the rate of the parent drug release; HPLC Conditions. Instrument: Agilent 1100. Column: C18, 5 mm, 2.1 mm×150 mm

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  • Degradation of florfenicol in water by UV/Na 2 S 2 O 8 ...

    2015-1-9 · Veterinary antibiotics have been intensively used for animals in the world. Because a large proportion of antibiotics or their metabolites are excreted through animals’ urine and feces, these undesirable compounds easily enter into the environment, thereby posing potential human and ecological health risks (Kumar et al. 2005).Florfenicol (FLO), a fluorinated derivative of thiamphenicol, can ...

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  • Comparison of plant feedstocks and methods to recover

    nial legume, is grown worldwide as a high-protein forage crop used primarily for dairy and beef cattle feeds. However, its utility as a protein source for feeding other farmed animals has great potential. Wet fractionation can provide several products that increase the value of the crop. The amount of alfalfa protein concentrate (APC)

    Get Price
  • Feed Formula and Feeding Method of Freshwater Fish

    2016-5-17 · Using the QuEChERS Method Version 1 (last update: 10.05.2016) Background information Initial Observations: Ethoxyquin (EQ) is a quinoline-based antioxidant with various food and feed related applications. It was originally used as a rubber additive to prevent isoprene oxidation and elasticity loss1.

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  • EURL-SRM - Analytical Observations Report

    2020-3-1 · Using the DST method, up to 69.0% of samples and 32.9% of isolates were positive for mcr-1 (Wang et al., 2017a). The mcr-1 was identified in each step of the chicken production chain, including the hatchery farms, commercial farms, slaughterhouses, and supermarkets, and also in some important vectors such as dogs, birds, and flies (Wang et al ...

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  • Farm animals and aquaculture: significant reservoirs of ...

    Chloramphenicol administered orally is absorbed rapidly from the intestinal tract. In controlled studies in adult volunteers using the recommended dosage of 50 mg/kg/day, a dosage of 1 g every 6 hours for 8 doses was given. Using the microbiological assay method, the average peak serum level was 11.2 mcg/mL one hour after the first dose.

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  • DailyMed - CHLORAMPHENICOL SODIUM SUCCINATE ...

    Our results indicate that stable isotope analyses seem to be a useful tool to distinguish between naturally growing and intensively farmed frogs. We believe that this method can be used to improve the control in the international trade of frog legs, as well as for other biological products, thus supporting farming activities and decreasing ...

    Get Price
  • China High Quality Veterinary Medicine Florfenicol ...

    Florfenicol Solution, Anti-Bacterial Solution, Veterinary Medicine manufacturer supplier in China, offering High Quality Veterinary Medicine Florfenicol Solution 20%, Veterinary Medicine of 5% Flunixin Meglumine Injection for Cattle Sheep Goat Horses and Pigs, Analgin Vc Injection with High Quality (Veterinary Medicine) and so on.

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  • CAS 73231-34-2 Florfenicol - BOC Sciences

    A simple, rapid and sensitive method for confirmatory and quantitative purposes using liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) was developed and validated for determination of chloramphenicol, thiamphenicol, florfenicol and its metabolite, florfenicol amine, in poultry, swine, bovine and fish muscle.

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  • Preparation of florfenicol sodium succinate - Patent ...

    2008-4-23 · The mol ratio of the materials of florfenicol: triethylamine: succinic anhydride is 1:2-4:1.5-3. Florfenicol sodium succinate preparation can be made into injection, aqueous solution and lyophilized powder and can be used for disease prevention and treatment on animals.

    Get Price
  • Degradation of florfenicol in water by UV/Na 2 S 2 O 8 ...

    2015-1-9 · Veterinary antibiotics have been intensively used for animals in the world. Because a large proportion of antibiotics or their metabolites are excreted through animals’ urine and feces, these undesirable compounds easily enter into the environment, thereby posing potential human and ecological health risks (Kumar et al. 2005).Florfenicol (FLO), a fluorinated derivative of thiamphenicol, can ...

    Get Price
  • Frontiers | A Novel and Validated Protocol for

    2007-12-11 · Samples were stirred for 30 seconds to precipitate the protein and to stop the reaction and were centrifuged at 14,000 rpm for 5 minutes. The supernatant was collected for HPLC analysis. Peak area of florfenicol was used to determine the rate of the parent drug release; HPLC Conditions. Instrument: Agilent 1100. Column: C18, 5 mm, 2.1 mm×150 mm

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  • Water-Soluble Prodrugs of Florfenicol and its Analogs ...

    2013-2-8 · Sample preparation for the bio-response studies. Animal horns are rich in keratin and polypeptides and are usually sold in powder form. The fine powder from the different AHs (2.0 g) was suspended in 15 ml of the artificial gastric juice (containing 0.03 M sodium chloride and 0.08 M hydrochloric acid).

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  • Forensic DNA Barcoding and Bio-Response Studies of

    03 Oct 2018 --- The edible insect industry is growing rapidly with many new healthier and sustainable products appearing on our shelves. The makers of processed food containing bugs mostly use crickets and mealworms from farms in Canada, US, Netherlands and Thailand. Until now, only Bugsolutely has considered the potential of silkworms and the company has launched the first silkworm snack in ...

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  • Bugsolutely launches first silkworm powder snack in

    P. salmonis infections are the cause of major bacterial disease in salmonids in Chile, and the reason for using more antibiotics compared to other salmon-producing countries. Vaccination and antibiotics have not been efficient and new approaches are needed. The safety of Quillaja saponaria extracts was measured by cytotoxicity using flow cytometry of cytopathic and death of fish cell cultures ...

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  • Animals | Free Full-Text | Quillaja saponaria (Molina ...

    2019-11-17 · consequently, this and other synthetic forms of testosterone have been used widely in human medicine as a hormone supplement to treat men with testosterone deficiency (e.g. Bhasin et al., 1998). MT has also been used to treat women with breast cancer or breast pain and, together with estrogen, to treat symptoms of the female menopause.

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  • Preparation of florfenicol sodium succinate - Patent ...

    2008-4-23 · The mol ratio of the materials of florfenicol: triethylamine: succinic anhydride is 1:2-4:1.5-3. Florfenicol sodium succinate preparation can be made into injection, aqueous solution and lyophilized powder and can be used for disease prevention and treatment on animals.

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  • (PDF) Bioequivalence of three florfenicol preparations

    Bioequivalence of three florfenicol preparations in broilers. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 2014. Husamettin Ekici. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. READ PAPER.

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  • Water-Soluble Prodrugs of Florfenicol and its Analogs ...

    2007-12-11 · Samples were stirred for 30 seconds to precipitate the protein and to stop the reaction and were centrifuged at 14,000 rpm for 5 minutes. The supernatant was collected for HPLC analysis. Peak area of florfenicol was used to determine the rate of the parent drug release; HPLC Conditions. Instrument: Agilent 1100. Column: C18, 5 mm, 2.1 mm×150 mm

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  • Simultaneous Determination of Malachite Green ...

    2020-2-19 · A fast-analytical method using simplified extraction has been developed for the simultaneous determination of 42 compounds from 4 different classes of veterinary drugs (amphenicols, triphenylmethane, fluoroquinolones, and sulfonamides) in fish by reverse phase liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The selection of extraction reagents was optimized using different types …

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  • An ultrasensitive chemiluminescent ELISA for

    2018-6-29 · in food-producing animals in many countries, including China, the USA and the EU (235th Bulletin, 2002; Stolker & Brinkman, 2005). Because of its low cost and excellent antibacterial effect, CAP is still illegally used. Therefore, it is urgent to develop a rapid and sensitive method for determining CAP at trace levels in food samples.

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  • Forensic DNA Barcoding and Bio-Response Studies of

    2013-2-8 · Sample preparation for the bio-response studies. Animal horns are rich in keratin and polypeptides and are usually sold in powder form. The fine powder from the different AHs (2.0 g) was suspended in 15 ml of the artificial gastric juice (containing 0.03 M sodium chloride and 0.08 M hydrochloric acid).

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  • Nolvadent canine and feline Oral rinse used to

    Osurnia (canine) Used for the treatment of otitis externa with strains of bacteria and yeast Gel form Administer one tube into a clean, dry ear canal, do not clean for 45 days afterwards, DO NOT administer orally Do not use in dogs with known tympanic perforation or a sensitivity to florfenicol, terbinafine, or corticosteroids May experience vomiting, weight loss, or hearing decrease or loss ...

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  • The use of insects for food — Animal Ethics

    The use of insects for food. At the end of the twentieth century, more than 100 countries used insects for food. 1 In recent years, there has been a surge of farming insects and other terrestrial arthropods, such as arachnids, for the purpose of food production. In the last few years, more than 25 million dollars’ worth of private investment has gone towards the promotion of insect farms ...

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  • Animals | Free Full-Text | Quillaja saponaria (Molina ...

    P. salmonis infections are the cause of major bacterial disease in salmonids in Chile, and the reason for using more antibiotics compared to other salmon-producing countries. Vaccination and antibiotics have not been efficient and new approaches are needed. The safety of Quillaja saponaria extracts was measured by cytotoxicity using flow cytometry of cytopathic and death of fish cell cultures ...

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  • Drug resistance and pulsed‐field gel electrophoresis ...

    2005-3-22 · This is the first report wherein the MICs of bacteria isolated from aquatic animals were determined using the agar dilution method, according to the NCCLS guideline. In a previous report ( Kawanishi et al. 2004 ), we derived tentative QC ranges with culture conditions that were adapted to the growth characteristics of L. garvieae .

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